2 years ago

gilead sciences

The quantities of TNF-��, IFN-��, and IL-6 had been determined by utilizing industrial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits (BD Biosciences) by following the manufacturer��s instructions. The average level of inflammatory cyt read more...



2 years ago

gilead sciences

Tissue sections (10 ��m) have been lower and processed as described earlier. The primary antibody, gilead sciences phospho-NF-��B p65 (Ser536) ( read more...



2 years ago

gilead sciences

The latest emergence of your avian influenza A (H5N1) virus, the 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus, as well as the novel avian influenza A H7N9 virus [2-4] served to highlight that respiratory viruses are vital causative agents of extreme pne read more...



2 years ago

gilead sciences

Materials and methodsExperimental infection of mice using a mouse-adapted PPAR inhibitor H1N1 influenza virusBALB/c male mice (sixteen to 18 g read more...



2 years ago

gilead sciences

Interestingly, the mRNA level of TLR4, the normal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) recognition receptor, was dramatically elevated in virus-infected mice, which suggests that influenza virus infection leading to complicated cross-activations, which includ read more...